The Politics of Oz

Works Cited

Special thanks to Jane Albright of the International Wizard of Oz Club for wonderful, generous assistance in attaining the sources from The Baum Bugle. 🙏 I am hugely appreciative. If you read this, Jane, I apologize the tone is so negative. My analysis is not charitable, but I don’t hate Oz. It’s thought-provoking and creative.

(Not in MLA or Chicago format, but good enough for this)

L. Frank Baum. Father Goose: His Book. 1899.
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. 1900.
The Marvelous Land of Oz. 1904.
The Woggle-Bug Book. 1905.
Ozma of Oz. 1907.
Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz. 1908.
The Road to Oz. 1909.
The Emerald City of Oz. 1910.
The Patchwork Girl of Oz. 1913.
Tik-Tok of Oz. 1914.
The Scarecrow of Oz. 1915.
Rinkitink in Oz. 1916.
The Magic of Oz. 1919.

J. L. Bell. “Dorothy the Conqueror.” The Baum Bugle 49, No. 1 (2005): 13–17.

Robin Bernstein. “The Black-and-Whiteness of Raggedy Ann.” In Racial Innocence: Performing American Childhood from Slavery to Civil Rights, 146–193. Published by New York University Press, 2011.

Library of Congress. “The Wizard of Oz: An American Fairy Tale.”

Dee Michel. “Not in Kansas Anymore: The Appeal of Oz for Gay Males.” The Baum Bugle 45, No. 1 (2002): 31–38.

Mary Pierpoint. “Was Frank Baum a racist or just the creator of Oz?” ICT. IndiJ Public Media, 12 September 2018.
Archive link:

In Praise of Shadows. “Return to Oz is an Absolute Nightmare.” 22 January 2021.

Suzanne Rahn. “Beneath the Surface of Ozma of Oz.” The Baum Bugle 45, No. 1 (2002): 25–30.

Richard Tuerk. Oz in Perspective: Magic and Myth in the L. Frank Baum Books. Published by McFarland & Company (2007).

Sally Roesch Wagner. “The Wonderful Mother of Oz.” The Baum Bugle 47, No. 3 (2003): 7–13.

Jack Zipes. “Inverting and Subverting the World With Hope: The Fairy Tales of George MacDonald, Oscar Wilde, and L. Frank Baum.” In Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion, second edition. Published by Routledge, 2006.